Did you know...?

The Orangutan Protection Foundation supports the largest primate rescue and rehabilitation organisation in the world today operated by BOS Foundation.

The Foundation has nearly 4,000 orangutans under its protection. That equates to 10% of the world's remaining population.

It employs over 500 people at its projects in Central & East Kalimantan.

Nearly all of its employees are Indonesian, empowering local people to be a force for change.

Did you know....?

Orangutans demonstrate aptitude with tools.

Their colour renders them invisible when in the canopy.

Rambutans and durian are their favourite fruits!

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About Orangutans

*Watch "The Great Ape Escape" on BBC iPlayer. Click here.

Some things you should know

ORANGUTANS are the world's most intelligent animals other than Man.

Adaptable and innovative, there is rarely an obstacle they cannot overcome.

Sharing 98% of human DNA, their similarity to us is remarkable.

Babies cry when they are hungry, smile at their mothers and shed tears when they are hurt.

They express emotions in the same way humans do - they laugh, they cry, they show surprise, joy, fear and anger.

Uniquely arboreal, the males live high in the forest tree-tops and are large, gentle creatures. They venture onto the forest floor only when they need to or when foraging for food.

Males will usually live alone until they need to find a female ready to mate. They will stay together for a few days and then the male will go back to his solitary lifestyle leaving the females with their young.

Baby orangutans have the longest dependence on their mothers than any other animal on earth and will often nurse until they are six or seven years old.

Young males will break away after they reach puberty while females, while they reach puberty at about 8 years, often aren't mature enough to have their own baby until in her teens.

Previously it was thought chimpanzees were the most intelligent creatures next to man but studies have proven orangutans surpass their abilities.

When nighttime approaches in the tropical rainforests of Borneo and South East Asia, the orangutans prepare for sleep.

Bending branches down to form comfortable mattresses of leaves and twigs they will sometimes add a rooftop made of more branches in case it rains. Just like humans, they don't like to get wet!

Fashioning make-shift umbrellas to shelter from the rain is nothing new to our intelligent ape cousins. Rain hats fashioned from leaves are another favourite to stay dry and wait out the storm.

If water is difficult to get they will chew leaves to make a sponge to soak up water in tree cavities.

They will find innovative ways to use natural resources in their rainforest home to make tools to help them forage for food - something that can be difficult within their environment.

A study of orangutans by Dutch Primatologist, Carel van Schaik, found them capable of tasks well beyond the abilities of chimpanzees.

He also found that, in some food-rich areas, the creatures had developed a complex culture in which adults would teach youngsters how to make tools and find food.

Generally passive, gentle creatures, orangutans can show aggression towards other orangutans and be very territorial. Immature males will try to mate with any female and may succeed in forcibly copulating with her if she is also immature and not strong enough to fend him off. However, mature females can easily fend off those immature young guns and prefer to mate with mature males!

Orangutans have also been known to show laughter-like vocalisations in response to tickling, play chasing and wrestling.

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